The small village of Herkimer, the seat of a NYS county bearing the same name, has a long history. Originally settled in colonial times, Herkimer grew into an important industrial center, home to tanners, blacksmiths, cobblers, tailors, and whiskey distillers, who enjoyed the fruits of the Erie Canal that ran across the village’s southern border. By virtue of the fact that the Erie Canal stretched from the Great Lakes to the Hudson River, Herkimer became linked with not only its sister canal towns, but also with great cities many miles away. Any of New York City’s powerful dealers and traders, for example, could buy and sell from the smallest of businessmen in Herkimer. But these exchanges were not always so simple. As one case in 1843 illustrated, trading often involved third-parties. In this particular instance, a shipper charged with delivering a single box of merchandise form New York City to Herkimer only traveled up and down the Hudson River and thus relied on a competitor in Albany to move the goods across the canal. When the package finally arrived in Herkimer, its contents had been plundered and a New York Court was left to determine who was responsible for the damages. Van Santvoord et al. v. St. John & Tousey, 6 Hill 157 (1843). Herkimer’s own County Courthouse has a rich tradition. Its first courthouse, built in the 18th century, was ultimately replaced in 1873 with a two-story, red brick-building topped by a tiered-tower that has since earned its way onto the National Register of Historic Places.